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2017年11月CATTI二級筆譯真題


來源:網絡    作者:天之聰教育   時間:2017-11-08 19:46   點擊: 次  

英譯中

第1篇

來源:https://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/fulfillment-any-age/201609/is-why-we-cant-put-down-our-phones

You’ve temporarily misplaced your cell phone and anxiously retrace your steps to try to find it. Or perhaps you never let go of your phone—it's always in your hand, your pocket, or your bag, ready to be answered or consulted at a moment’s notice. When your battery life runs down at the end of the day, you feel that yours is running low as well. New research shows that there’s a psychological reason for such extreme phone dependence: According to the attachment theory, for some of us, our phone serves the same function as the teddy bear we clung to in childhood.

Attachment theory proposes that our early life experiences with parents responsible for our well-being, are at the root of our connections to the adults with whom we form close relationships. Importantly, attachment in early life can extend to inanimate objects. Teddy bears, for example, serve as  “transitional objects.” The teddy bear, unlike the parent, is always there. We extend our dependence onparents to these animals, and use them to help us move to an independent sense of self.

A cell phone has the potential to be a “compensatory attachment” object. Although phones are often castigated for their addictive potential, scientists cite evidence that supports the idea that “healthy, normal adults also report significant emotional attachment to special objects”

Indeed, cell phones have become a pervasive feature of our lives: The number of cell phone users exceeds the total population of the planet. The average amount of mobile or smartphone use in the U.S. is 3.3 hours per day.  People also like to be near their phones: A 2013 survey cited by the Hungarian team. Nearly as many people report being distressed when they’re separated from their phone.Phones have distinct advantages. They can be kept by your side and they provide a social connection to the people you care about. Even if you’re not talking to your friends, lover, or family, you can keep their photos close by, read their messages, and follow them on social media. You can track them in real time but also look back on memorable moments together. These channels help you “feel less alone”.

第2篇

來源:www.reference.com

Many countries have adopted the principle of sustainable development it can combat gaginst environment deterioration in air quality, water quality and ...viable role for every member in the world..  production .health education in developing countries. But some argue that it's a vague idea, some organizations may use it in it's own interests, whether environmental or economic is the nature of interests. Others argue that sustainable development in developing countries overlook the local customs,habitude and people.

Whereas interdependence is desirable during times of peace, war necessitates competition and independence. Tariffs and importation limits strengthen a country's economic vitality while potentially weakening the economies of its enemies. Moreover, protectionism in the weapons industry is highly desirable during such circumstances because reliance on another state for armaments can be fatal.

For the most part, economists emphasize the negative effects of protectionism. It reduces international trade and raises prices for consumers. In addition, domestic firms that receive protection have less incentive to innovate. Although free trade puts uncompetitive firms out of business, the displaced workers and resources are ultimately allocated to other areas of the economy.

Imposing quotas is a method used to protect trade, since foreign companies cannot ship more products regardless of how low they set their prices. Countries that hope to help a new industry thrive locally often impose quotas on imported goods. They believe that such restrictions allow entities in the new industry to develop their own competitive advantages and produce the products efficiently. Developing countries often use this argument to justify their restrictions on foreign goods.

Protectionism’s purpose is usually to create jobs for domestic workers. Companies that operate in industries protected by quotas hire workers locally. Another disadvantage of quotas is the reduction in the quality of products in the absence of competition from foreign companies. Without competition, local firms are less likely to invest in innovation and improve their products and services. Domestic sellers don’t have an incentive to enhance efficiency and lower their prices, and under such conditions, consumers eventually pay more for products and services they could receive from foreign competitors. As local companies lose competitiveness, they become pressured to outsource jobs. In the long-run, increasing protectionism commonly leads to layoffs and economic slowdown.

中譯英

第1篇

出自2016 《中國的中醫藥》白皮書雙語版

人類在漫長發展進程中創造了豐富多彩的世界文明,中華文明是世界文明多樣性、多元化的重要組成部分。中醫藥作為中華文明的杰出代表,是中國各族人民在幾千年生產生活實踐和與疾病作斗爭中逐步形成并不斷豐富發展的醫學科學,不僅為中華民族繁衍昌盛作出了卓越貢獻,也對世界文明進步產生了積極影響。

Humanity has created a colorful global civilization in the long course of its development, and the civilization of China is an important component of the world civilization harboring great diversity. As a representative feature of Chinese civilization, traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) is a medical science that was formed and developed in the daily life of the people and in the process of their fight against diseases over thousands of years. It has made a great contribution to the nation's procreation and the country's prosperity, in addition to producing a positive impact on the progress of human civilization.

中醫藥在歷史發展進程中,兼容并蓄、創新開放,形成了獨特的生命觀、健康觀、疾病觀、防治觀,實現了自然科學與人文科學的融合和統一,蘊含了中華民族深邃的哲學思想。隨著人們健康觀念變化和醫學模式轉變,中醫藥越來越顯示出獨特價值。中醫藥與西醫藥優勢互補,相互促進,共同維護和增進民眾健康,已經成為中國醫療衛生體制的重要特征和顯著優勢。

TCM has created unique views on life, on fitness, on diseases and on the prevention and treatment of diseases during its long history of absorption and innovation. It represents a combination of natural sciences and humanities, embracing profound philosophical ideas of the Chinese nation. As ideas on fitness and medical models change and evolve, traditional Chinese medicine has come to underline a more and more profound value.TCM and Western medicine have their different strengths. They work together in China to protect people from diseases and improve public health. This has turned out to be one of the important features and notable strengths of Chinese medical service system.

第2篇

出自2014年李總理在聯合國糧農組織的演講

人人有飯吃,是人類最基本的生存權利,是一切人權的基礎。全球農業發展取得了長足的進步,但饑餓和貧困依然是一種“無聲的危機”,困擾著全人類。目前世界上還有8億多貧困人口面臨著食物不足、營養不良的威脅。促進農業發展,消除饑餓和貧困,依然是世界面臨的重大挑戰,也是全人類肩負的共同責任。國際社會應當攜起手來,加強農業合作,更多關注發展中國家、尤其是一些最不發達國家的訴求。應減少貿易保護,加強對最不發達國家農業技術、資金等支持,提高全球農業生產水平和糧食安全保障水平。

Food for all is, for mankind, the most fundamentalright of survival, which serves as the basis for allother human rights. Great progress has been madein the global agricultural development. Yet hungerand poverty have remained a “silent crisis”,troubling all human beings. Over 800 million poor people in theworld still face the threat of food shortages andmalnutrition. To promote agricultural developmentand eradicate hunger and poverty remains a major challenge of the world and a commonresponsibility of mankind. The international community may join hands to enhanceagricultural cooperation and pay greater attention to the calls of developing countries, inparticular certain least developed countries (LDCs). Efforts should be made to curb tradeprotectionism and increase the technical and financial assistance to the agricultural sector ofthe LDCs so as to raise the global agricultural productivity and increase food security.

中國作為世界上最大的發展中國家,任何時候都是維護世界糧食安全的積極力量。盡管中國農業進一步發展面臨不少困難,但我們仍將不懈努力,用行動來兌現諾言,主要依靠自己的力量解決好吃飯問題。我們愿與世界各國攜手奮進,共同創造一個無饑餓、無貧困、可持續發展的世界。

As the largest developing country, China will always be an active force for safeguarding worldfood security. Although China faces quite a few difficulties ahead in its agriculturaldevelopment, we will continue to work tirelessly to deliver on our commitment throughactions. We will ensure adequate food supply mainly on our own. We are ready to work withcountries around the world to create a world of sustainable development that is free from hunger and poverty.

 


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